There were many hardships in the begining of America within the government,
domestically, and with foreign policy. Mostly between the years of 1789 –
1824. These are some of the topics I will be explaining. Judiciary Act of
1789, Whiskey Rebellion, Alien and Sedition Acts, Luisianna Purchase,
Missurri Compromise, and the 12th Amendment.
Domestically there were problems/hardhips as a new country. But the
Judiciary Act of 1789 helped that problem out a lot, it answered critical
questions, creating judicial structure and that has remained essentially
intact. It provided for a supreme court consisting of a Cheif Justice and
five associate justices. It also set up three federal circuit courts and
thirteen federal district courts throughout thee country. During
Washingtons second term, congress had passed a protective tariff, an
important tax on goods produced in europe. Most whiskey producers were
small fronteir farmers. Their major crop was corn. The farmers distilled
the corn into whiskey which could be more easily sent to the market on the
backs of mules. In 1794 the farmers refused to pay the tax and Hamilton
looked upon the whikey rebellion as an opportunity to show that the govt.
could enforce a law along the wetern frontier.
Alien and Sedition Acts and the Luisiana Purchase were harships within the
foriegn policy part of our new nation. The alien acts raised the residence
requirement for American citizenship from five years to fourteen years and
allowed the president to deport or jail any alien uconsidered undesirable.
The seditiona act set fines and jail terms for anyone expressing opinions
considered damaging to the government. With the Luisiana Purchase which
included all the land drained by the western tributaries of the Mississippi
River the size of the United States more than doubled. Jefferson who
wanted to simplify and decentralize the government, had instead expanded the
power of the presidency and the central government.
he last thing I wil be discussing will be the harships we faced in our
Government as a new nation. Like the Missouri Compromise. Under the
leadership of Henry Clay, however, congress managed to temporarily resolve
the crisis with a series of agreements collectively called the Missouri
Compromise. Maine was admitted as a free state , thus preserving the
sectional balance in the senate. South of the slavery line was legal.
North of the line, except in Missouri, slavery was banned.
As you can see above there were many hardships as we formed a new nation,
luckily we dont have as many problems now as we did then.