Francis Scott Fitzgerald

Introduction

Francis Scott Fitzgerald is a renowned American writer of the Jazz age. He wrote about the disconcerting time, in which he lived, where people were either rich or dreamt of being rich. Just like majority of Americans, Fitzgerald could not resist the urge of wealth accumulation; unfortunately, this quest brought misery and devastation.

Fitzgerald’s life is an example of both sides of the American Dream, which are the joys of young love, wealth and success, and the tragedies associated with success, failure, and his prodigious literary voice and style provides remarkable insight into the lifestyles of the rich and famous, as well as himself.

Early Life

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born in “St. Paul Minnesota, U.S on 24 September, 1896 (Edward 5). His father, Edward, was a noble man from Maryland. Francis’ mother, Mary McQuillan, came from a wealthy background. Fitzgerald first attended St. Paul Academy, in 1908-1910, before joining the Newman School, a Catholic preparatory school in New Jersey, in 1911-1913.

His dreams of fame came close to reality later in 1917 at Princeton University, where he became a member of the prominent Princeton Triangle Drama Club. Fitzgerald made a significant contribution to the club, by writing scripts and lyrics for the club’s music, and contributed to The Princeton Tiger Humor Magazine and the Nassau Literary Magazine (Broom 65).

Fitzgerald struggled with his academics and finally dropped out of Princeton and joined the army, in November 1917, where he was commissioned as a second lieutenant, in the junior team. Fitzgerald “fell in love with, Zelda Sayre, the youngest daughter of an Alabama Supreme Court Judge while in Camp Sheridan, near Montgomery, where he had been assigned, in June 1918” (Curnutt 96).

He had grand hopes of marrying Zelda Sayre who was eighteen years old then, in a few years’ time (Bryer and Barks 36). After discharge from the army, in 1919, he involved himself in advertisement work, in New York, to in a bid to get money for marriage.

In July 1919, Fitzgerald quit from advertisement work and engaged in writing a novel “This Side of Paradise”, which made Zelda famous almost overnight on 26 March 1920 as one of the characters in his publication (Donaldson 56). They had a reunion and had a marriage a week later in New York where they got on as young celebrities with expensive living.

His wife Zelda became pregnant during his summertime in Westport where he was writing his second novel and they had first trip to Europe in 1921 before settling in St. Paul for birth of their only child, Frances Scott, in October 1921 (Prigozy 96).

Literary Career

Literary works of Fitzgerald include the novel “This Side of Paradise” that he begun in Princeton. He wrote the novel after breaking with fiancee Zelda Sayre and returning to St. Paul Minnesota. The inspiration of writing this novel was to highlight the both sides of youth in the US, morality, and immorality.

The novel was published in the course of 1920, which made him famous and within no time, he could make publication in prominent literary magazines like Scribner and other high paying popular publication, which included The Saturday Evening Post.

“The Beautiful and Damned” was his second novel, which he wrote in New York City where he had rented an apartment after riotous summer in Westport, Connecticut. The novel gives a picture of the immoderation of the Eastern Elite, during the Jazz age, through the characters Anthony and Gloria Patch, who end up to carefree life, as they await for the young man to inherit wealth. The novel, a collection of short stories, “Tales of Jazz Age” in 1922 sold remarkably well, and Fitzgerald rented a house on Long Island.

Fitzgerald went to Europe for over two years where he made publication “The Great Gatsby” in 1925 and began companionship with Ernest Hemingway of Scott. His first movie assignment was in 1927 in Hollywood and afterwards went abroad several times. “Tender Is the Night” was his other novel based on his wife, Zelda who had a main nervous breakdown in 1930 and her treatment in a Swiss Clinic. It describes his futile fight to save their marriage.

The novel describes his failure to marriage through the description of a psychiatrist, who gets used up, after marrying one of his patients and exerting his vitality on her. “Tender is the Night” expresses Fitzgerald’s downright hopelessness and struggle caused by depression and Zelda’s sickness.

Critical review

His fellow authors Ring Lardner and Ernest Hemingway were critics of his first novel “This Side of Paradise” who appreciated his work (Eble 84). The novel brings out the theme of romantic egoism, which he uses to enlighten his fellow America’s youths. The understanding of this novel though seems outdated in the current generation is that money should not be the only key factor to determine love.

In the novel “Tender is the Night”, Fitzgerald describes the society in Riviera where his family and him had moved to live after his misfortune of late inheritance. They had joined a group of wealthy American expatriates whose life was profoundly influenced by Gerald and Sarah Murphy.

This gives a description of his struggles due to depression and economic failure in a bid to save his marriage. Following the challenges in life, Fitzgerald became an alcoholic (Canterbury and Birch 17). In real life, people have cases or even indulge themselves in irresponsible behavior because of marital problems and financial failure in a bid to avoid stress and depression.

“The Beautiful and Damned” novel was criticized by his friend Edmund Wilson and editor Marx Perkins who made editorial suggestion (West 29). The novel brings out social concerns of quest for the status quo, through the life of Anthony and his wife Gloria, whose main work was to go down into laziness and alcoholism, while Antony awaits inheritance. Fitzgerald sluggish background had an effect on his spending, which led him to deteriorate to a middle class, as he awaited inheritance. They moved to Riviera to escape the misfortune.

Later in life

Fitzgerald was despaired, by failure to save his marriage, and became an addict to alcohol. Nonetheless, he managed to secure a job as a scriptwriter in Hollywood, in 1937. It was during this time he fell in love with Sheila Graham whom they lived peacefully despite his moments of bitterness and violence due to alcoholism. He occasionally travelled to east to visit Zelda or his daughter Frances. He finally wrote, “The Last Tycoon” in October 1939 based on renowned Hollywood producer, Irving Thalberg.

Analysis of a selection

The Great Gatsby brings the theme of social standing through Gatsby who spends his whole life to attain financial and social status in life. The desire to win Daisy back and attain a social status motivated him to move to West Egg and make money by any necessary means. This shows his determination in life to attain a certain position in life through hard work.

Contrastingly, Daisy and Tom bring the theme of misuse of their position to despise others and lead a reckless life, through the of Nick Caraways’ story, where Jay Gatsby is revealed, as a farmer’s son, who turns a fraudster, due to his romantic illusion about power of money to win wealthy Daisy. This story reveals change in culture and lifestyles amongst the Americans. This helps to bring out heartlessness and immorality of the rich American society of the 1920s.

Economically there was an increase in the stock market, and the rich spent a lot of money on parties. This wave of prosperity is symbolized, in the World War 1, whose fatal mission, and violent death, explains the collapse of the era and beginning of disillusionment, with the American dream of prosperity. The difference between “Gatsby’s dream, vision, and reality are prominent themes of quest for social classes” (Prigozy 63).

In this novel, Fitzgerald uses figurative language to bring out his theme. Excessive images are used to bring out idealism and illusion. The green light, which shines off daisy clock shows the birth of dream that in future may not be a reality. Bright sunlight represents wealth and good scenes, as well as corruption and moral decay.

The author also uses personification when he says, “the sun smiled” to the children to depict the perspective of children towards the American Dream. Irony is noticeable in the party’s scene and in Jordan’s observation in her assessment of Gatsby’s party that to her seems small contrasting to the big parties she likes. The drunk scene which Diasy destroys a letter from Gatsby and marries Tom Next day is central to irony (F. Scott 58).The theme of this story is the American dream that brings out moral corruption, deception and delusion.

My impression

Fitzgerald’s lifestyle makes an impression to my life’s quest for prosperity. His life is portrayed with struggles from death of his noble father to his death. In spite of him be a strong literary legend, he had a struggle in his academics that led him to join the army where she met lover of her love, Zelda. Later in life, he struggled to maintain his marriage after his wife succumbed to sickness. Fitzgerald became an alcoholic to overcome the stress and depression that made him have struggles in his work life.

Despite his struggles in life, Fitzgerald had exceptional talent in literature and became prominent literary figure in the university. His notable works include five novels and numerous publications are still inspiring to date. In his social life, he was unpopular to the other students due to his immense enthusiasm in life.

He became a prominent member in the Triangle club in pursuit of his ambitions and had lifelong relationship with Edmund Wilson and John Peale. Fitzgerald was in love with Zelda Sayre that made him work hard to maintain the relationship due to his dismal financial income. His wife, Zelda, is used, in his novels, to bring out themes of quest for the status quo. “The lost Paradise” is a story after their breakup before their marriage because of his low income.

In the second novel “The Beautiful and Damned”, her wife is portrayed as less understanding as the two collapses into middle age life as they awaited him to inherit wealth and become rich.

The Third novel “Tender is the Night” describes his struggle to maintain his marriage due to his failure over Zelda. “The Great Gatsby” is a novel, which describes how Fitzgerald spends the rest of his life struggling to work to maintain his marriage. His last novel the last Tycoon was incomplete by the time of his death and his wife had returned to her matrimonial home.

Conclusively, Fitzgerald can be seen as a great writer with his novels and short stories having a substantial impact in addressing socioeconomic issues in the current life. His stories are used to address the issues of social classes in the society and the way the rich take advantage of the poor. He brings outs the issue of the status quo- who should provide in a family.

Works Cited

Broom, Harold. F. Scott Fitzgerald. London: Chelsea House Publications, 1999. Print.

Bryer, Jackson, and Cathy Barks. Dear Scott, Dearest Zelda: The Love Letters of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2002. Print.

Canterbury, Ray, and Thomas Birch. F. Scott Fitzgerald: Under the Influence. St. Paul: Paragon House, 2006. Print.

Curnutt, Kirk. A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.

Donaldson, Scott. Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald’s the Great Gatsby. Boston, MA: G.K. Hall, 1984. Print.

Eble, Kenneth. F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Collection Of Criticism. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, 1973. Print.

Edward, Rielly. F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Biography. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2005. Print.

Prigozy, Ruth. The Cambridge Companion To F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.

West, James. The Question Of Vocation In This Side Of Paradise And The Beautiful And Damned. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.